• Southborough Lane,
  • Bromley, BR2 8AA.
  • 020 8467 2343
Southborough Primary School
Every Child a Star


What are phonics?


Phonics: a method of teaching people to read by correlating sounds with symbols in an alphabetic writing system.



Phoneme: the sound the letters make.

Grapheme: the letters or letters used to write the phoneme.

Digraph: a 2 letter grapheme. For example, ch, sh, th, ng, ai.

Trigraph: a 3 letter grapheme. For example, igh, ear, air

Split vowel digraph: A two letter grapheme that represent a vowel phoneme or sound where the sounds are pushed apart by another letter. This digraph often used to be referred to as a magic e. For example, kite, cake, phone, these, cube.

Blending: Building words for reading by pushing together all the phonemes or sounds in the word.

Segmenting: Splitting up words for spelling by breaking up words into all their sounds and then working out what letter or letters are needed to represent each sound.

Graphemes in the order taught

Jolly Phonics Songs in the order in which they are taught

Jolly Phonics Letter Sounds (British English)

Listen to the 42 letter sounds of Jolly Phonics, spoken in British English. Each letter sound is clearly spoken twice, before an example word is given. Perfect for parents, teachers and children who aren't sure how to pronounce the letter sounds.

Nonsense word cards

Catch the alien words!